As practitioners of an autonomous profession, Medical Laboratory Technologist/Scientists have the responsibility to contribute from their sphere of professional competence to the general wellbeing of the community.

The Code of Ethics is a resource for the profession and a support for the individual in everyday practice and in challenging situations. At the same time, they are society’s guarantee that the Medical Laboratory Technologist/Scientists practises the profession in an ethically sound manner.

Duty to the Global Society

Medical Laboratory Technologist/Scientists shall:

  1. Be dedicated to the use of medical laboratory science to benefit humanity
  2. Perform biomedical research to improve and develop public health globally
  3. Be responsible for establishing new standards and develop existing standards for improved laboratory practice and patient safety
  4. Take responsibility and play a leading role towards issues regarding the global and local environment
Duty to the Client

Medical Laboratory Technologist/Scientists shall:

  1. Be responsible for the logical process from the acquisition of the specimen to the production of data and the final report of the test result
  2. Be accountable for the quality and integrity of medical laboratory services
  3. Exercise professional judgment, skill and care while meeting international standards
  4. Maintain strict confidentiality of patient/client information and results of laboratory analysis
  5. Safeguard the dignity and privacy of patients/clients
  6. Implement scientific advances that benefit the patient/client and improve the delivery of results of laboratory analysis
Duty to colleagues, the profession and other members of the health team

Medical Laboratory Technologist/Scientists shall:

  1. Uphold and maintain the dignity and respect of the profession and maintain a reputation of honesty, integrity and reliability
  2. Continuously improve professional skills and knowledge
  3. Actively seek to establish cooperative and harmonious working relationships with other health professionals
  4. Provide expertise and advise, teach and counsel students, colleagues and other health professionals
  5. Be loyal to the policies, laws and legislations which apply to the workplace, as long as they do not conflict with the professional ethical guidelines

The Code of Ethics is based on the code of ethics that was adopted by the IAMLT* General Assembly of Delegates at the 20th IAMLT Congress in Dublin, Ireland 1992 and had since been revised at the IFBLS 29th World Congress in Nairobi 2010.

*International Association of Medical Laboratory Technologists (IAMLT) was changed to International Federation of Biomedical Laboratory Sciences (IFBLS) in 2002 by the General Assembly of Delegates at the 25th World Congress in Orlando, USA.

Standards of Practice for Medical Laboratory Technologists

A standard of practice is defined as the desired and achievable performance level against which actual performance can be judged; it provides a benchmark for evaluating acceptable performance levels.

Standards of Practice are designed to measure the accuracy and quality of individual performance and to provide the expectations associated with professionalism for medical laboratory technologists (MLTs); they represent the minimum national standards in Malaysia Professional Regulatory body such as MAHPC, established under the Allied Health Act 2016, also have specific standards of practice which govern disciplinary matters within their mandate and jurisdiction.

MLTs must skilfully perform laboratory procedures. They must know the theory behind laboratory analyses and understand associated clinical applications. They must be competent, demonstrate sound judgment and possess good interpretive skills. They must be able to adapt to evolving situations related to various tests and outcomes, must follow established laboratory methods and must adhere to relevant quality control protocols. In addition, medical laboratory technologists must demonstrate appropriate professional conduct at all times.

The Medical Laboratory Technology Competency Profile establishes the scope of practice for Medical laboratory technologists. In Malaysia; the duties of an MLTs are not confined to the conventional laboratory settings but encompasses a wide range of medical technology applications.

Standard 1: Professional Responsibility and Accountability

Medical laboratory technologists are responsible for their individual professional practice and conduct.


  1. Abide by the Code of Professional Conduct.
  2. Are responsible and accountable for continued individual competence.
  3. Practice within the legal and ethical framework of their profession.
  4. Adhere to accepted standards within their profession.
  5. Place patient welfare above all other considerations.
  6. Promote interdisciplinary collaboration with other health professionals.

Standard 2: Competent Application of Knowledge

Medical laboratory technologists possess a high degree of scientific knowledge; they understand the theories, techniques and clinical applications associated with medical laboratory analyses. They apply these skills and scientific knowledge to current practice. They maintain continued competence, commit to lifelong learning and sustain their professional skills.


  1. Demonstrate competence as outlined in the Medical Laboratory Technology Competency Profile.
  2. Correlate analyses, diagnoses, clinical data and treatment information to improve and maximize patient outcomes.
  3. Apply institutional policies and procedures in day-to-day practice.
  4. Adapt to changing practice requirements within the clinical environment.

Standard 3: Competence and Proficiency in Laboratory Practice

Medical laboratory technologists skilfully perform laboratory analyses. They utilize sound judgment and advanced interpretive skills to effectively recognize and quickly respond to developing situations associated with laboratory methods and patient testing, including troubleshooting equipment malfunctions and reviewing abnormal quality control results.


  1. Practice according to established protocols, safety guidelines, and existing legislation and regulation and quality standards (e.g. MS ISO 15189, GLP etc.).
  2. Verify relevant data and ensure that appropriate specimens are properly procured and handled.
  3. Perform pre-analytical procedures on specimens from a variety of sources.
  4. Apply appropriate principles when performing analytical techniques and validating test results.
  5. Practice and promote principles of good quality management and efficient resource utilization.
  6. Demonstrate effective interpersonal skills to successfully address workplace challenges.
  7. Apply critical thinking skills to day-to-day professional practice.
  8. Demonstrate effective ability to research, investigate, evaluate and problem-solve in the workplace.

Standard 4: Communication and Collaboration

Medical laboratory technologists utilize effective communication skills and demonstrate strong teamwork abilities when interacting with patients and other health care providers.


  1. Respect and support the role of patients and other health care providers.
  2. Articulate the role of medical laboratory professionals in planning, developing, delivering and evaluating patient care.
  3. Share relevant medical laboratory knowledge with patients, health care providers and the public.
  4. Document, protect and maintain confidential information.


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Contact Information
Malaysian Institute of Medical Laboratory Sciences (254676-P)
1-5-14, Jalan Semarak Api (1/50),
Diamond Square Commercial Centre,
Off Jalan Gombak,
53000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Malaysian Institute of Medical Laboratory Sciences (MIMLS) is a non-profit professional organisation representing the medical laboratory practitioners in Malaysia. It was established in 1988 as the Malaysian Federation of Medical Laboratory Technologists (MFMLT) from the merging of 3 medical laboratory technologist associations from University of Malaya (UM), National University of Malaysia (UKM) and Institute for Medical Research (IMR), Ministry of Health Malaysia.

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